18 – 19 September 2017
Kuala Lumpur





According to Pure Earth and other leading environmental organisations, lead pollution is the largest industrial pollution problem in the world and that improper recycling of used lead–acid batteries (ULABs) in the informal sector is generally the main cause. Despite regulations, in emerging economies on average 50% of ULAB recycling is undertaken in backyard, kettle smelting operations within a growing informal sector. This leads to vast, systemic lead contamination of water, food and the environment that, in turn, causes large-scale lead poisoning.
This presentation describes how Citrecycle — a safe, clean and non-hazardous hydrometallurgical process— is suitable for the sustainable, small-scale economic recovery of lead, lead oxides and plastics from ULABs; and reviews the efficiency and profitability of this innovative process.

Joshua George
Chief Executive Officer