Despite the introduction of the Battery Management and Handling Rules in 2001 and their update in 2010, a large number of informal unlicensed and polluting recycling units of used lead–acid batteries (ULABs) are operating in India. As discussed in this presentation, to eliminate such operations, lead–acid battery retailers have been mandated by the national government to register with the local State Pollution Control Boards and provide periodic returns for new batteries sold against used batteries collected. Furthermore, the few recyclers that are licensed to import drained ULABs have been ordered to install mechanical battery-breaking systems and dispose or recycle the electrolyte and polypropylene in accordance with the environmental legislation. The industry is also coming under pressure to adopt all occupational and health provisions and to store or dispose of hazardous wastes/slags as per the State Regulations. The drive for a sustainable lead–acid battery industry comes on the back of a huge growth in the renewable energy sector, the telecoms sector and electric mobility.